Task Force (FITF)
Urban Search And
Small Works Roster
Fire 9 Prevention Information Blog
to keep your house out of a fire incident report
leading cause of
poisoning deaths in America"
What is Carbon Monoxide ?
Carbon Monoxide (CO) is a colorless, odorless
deadly gas. Because you can not see, taste, or smell it, Carbon Monoxide
can kill you before you know it is there.
Who is at risk ?
Everyone is at risk for Carbon Monoxide
poisoning. Experts believe, however, that individuals with greater
oxygen requirements such as unborn babies, infants, children, senior
citizens, and people with coronary or respiratory problems are at
Why is Carbon Monoxide so
The great danger of Carbon Monoxide is its
attraction to hemoglobin in the bloodstream. CO is breathed in through
the lungs and bonds with hemoglobin in the blood, displacing the oxygen
cells need to function. When CO is present in the air, it rapidly
accumulates in the blood, forming a toxic compound knows as
Where does Carbon Monoxide come
Carbon Monoxide is a byproduct of combustion,
present whenever fuel is burned. It is produced by common home
appliances, such as gas or oil furnaces, refrigerators or clothes
dryers, water heaters, fireplaces, charcoal grills, gas ranges, wood
burning stoves, and space heaters. Fumes from automobiles also contain
Carbon Monoxide and can enter a home through walls or doorways if a car
is left running in an attached garage.
All of these sources can contribute to a CO
problem in the home. If a home is vented properly and is free from
appliance malfunctions, air pressure fluctuations or airway blockages,
Carbon Monoxide will most likely be safely vented to the outside. But in
today's energy efficient homes this is frequently not the case.
Insulation meant to keep warm air in during winter months can trap CO
polluted air in a home year round. Furnace heat exchangers can crack,
vents can become blocked, inadequate air supply for combustion
appliances can cause conditions knows as backdrafting or reverse
stacking, which force contaminated air back into the home.
How can I protect myself and my
family from CO poisoning ?
The Consumer Product Safety Commission (CPSC)
recommends installing at least one Carbon Monoxide detector per
household, near the sleeping area. A second detector near the home's
heat source provides extra protection. Choose an Underwriters
Laboratories (UL) listed detector that sounds an audible alarm. First
Alert, the leading name in home safety, manufactures a UL listed,
battery operated Carbon Monoxide detector that continues to protect even
in the event of a power outage. The First Alert model uses patented
biomimetic technology, which simulates the body's response to CO and
will not respond to other gases. A hard wired AC model with battery
backup is also available.
Common Sources of CO
- Blocked chimney opening
- Clogged chimney
- Portable heater
- Gas or wood burning fireplace
- Improperly installed gas kitchen range or cook top vent
- Gas clothes dryer
- Operating barbecue grill in enclosed area such as a garage
- Corroded or disconnected water heater vent pipe
- Leaking chimney pipe or flue
- Cracked heat exchanger
If you have any further questions regarding
Carbon Monoxide, contact your local fire department.
Information from First Alert
Its pure and simple, Smoke
Detectors Save Lives.
This page will form a basis of what the smoke detector does and how you
should use it.Smoke detector information provided from the
Photoelectric versus Ionization
detectors use a small amount of radioactive material to make the air
within a sensing chamber conduct electricity. Smoke particles even
smaller than the eye can see will enter the detector chamber and trigger
the alarm. The greatest number of these small particles are produced by
flaming fire resulting in the ionization detector to respond faster to
open flaming fires than photoelectric detectors.
Photoelectric detectors use a small light
source which shines its light into a dark chamber not normally exposed
to light. This dark chamber contains a photocell to detect light. When
smoke particles enter the sensing chamber, light is reflected off of
them and into the sensing chamber. This causes the alarm to trigger.
This method needs bigger smoke particles than ionization detectors which
is usually formed from smoldering fires.
Now which should I
use? Even though the average particle size changes considerably
with temperature, fires usually produce a broad range of particle sizes.
Therefore, both types of detectors will detect most fires.
Installing Smoke Detectors
Since smoke rises, smoke detectors should be
installed on ceilings or walls between six and twelve inches from the
ceiling. Avoid placing detectors high in corners where the wall and
ceiling meet. Also, avoid installing detectors within three feet of an
air supply register or return. Smoke could be pushed or pulled away from
the detector by air flow. For further information, follow the
This provides a brief overview of smoke
detectors. However a smoke detector cannot put out a fire or get people
out of a fire. All family members should know two exits from their home
and preplan where you should meet once evacuated. Escape planning must
be part of your smoke detector protection. The alternative is a false
sense of security which can lead to tragedy.
| These home tips
for preventing fires are basic rules of thumb. In attempting to use a
fire extinguisher to extinguish a fire, generally if the fire is bigger
than the physical size of the fire extinguisher call the fire
department. Anyway, always call the fire department after you've put out
a fire to check that you have done everything to eliminate the cause.
This page is broken down into two general
categories. First and at the top of the page are more of personal
safety. The second and nearer to the bottom are home tips on preventing
fire and are further broken into categories of type of hazard.
If you have any questions concerning fire
prevention contact your local fire department.
3 Ways to Protect Your Family From Fire
- Install Smoke Detectors --
Smoke is responsible for 3 out of 4 fire deaths. The loud siren at
the first sign of smoke will give your family those extra few
minutes to escape safely. Test it once a month. Change batteries at
least twice a year.
- Establish an Escape Plan --
Have frequent family meetings to establish escape routes from your
dwelling. Every room should have 2 means of escape. Rope ladders are
recommended for upper floor windows. Have practice drills every 3
- Place Fire Extinguishers throughout the
- Type A : to extinguish wood, paper and fabric fires. Keep one
in the garage and the workshop.
- Type B : to extinguish grease, oil, gasoline, petroleum and
other flammable liquid fires. Keep one in the kitchen, the
garage and the workshop.
- Type C : to extinguish electrical fires. Keep one in the
kitchen and the laundry room.
- Type ABC : for extinguishing all three types of fires.
Surviving A Large Fire
How to Get Out Safely
- Stay calm so you can think clearly.
- If door is closed, feel it from bottom to top, as well as the
knob. If either is cool, you may open the door.
- Brace foot and shoulder against the door and open slowly. If there
is light smoke, crouch low and crawl to the nearest exit with a wet
cover over your nose and mouth.
- Stay low to avoid smoke/toxic gases that collect on ceilings.
- Close all doors behind you.
- Never use an elevator.
- Call the fire department. Never go back and get anything!
If You Are Trapped
- Don't panic! If you exert yourself, you will breathe faster and
take in more smoke/toxic gases that can burn your lungs or cause you
to become unconscious.
- Feel door from bottom to top and knob. If hot or warm, stuff
clothing/towels in the cracks to keep out the smoke/toxic gases.
- Open a window at the top to let out heat/smoke collecting on the
ceiling. Open window at the bottom and bend down to breathe in fresh
air. Never open a window if smoke is rising from a lower floor.
- Stand by the window, waving something, and wait for rescue.
If You Catch Fire
- STOP where you are. Moving or running feeds air to the
flames and worsens the fire.
- DROP to the floor. If you stand up, the fire can burn your
face. Fold your arms high on your chest to protect your face.
- ROLL slowly on the floor or ground, or in a rug or blanket,
if you can.
- COOL off as soon as possible with water for first and
second degree burns. For third degree burns, seek medical attention
Home Fire Prevention
- Electric Blankets, Heating Pads
- Never fold or roll blanket -- heat will build up in wires,
igniting blanket and rest of bed. Unplug and smooth flat when
not in use. Don't leave a heating pad on for more than 30
minutes. Never fall asleep with it on. Set alarm clock to awaken
in 30 minutes, if necessary.
- Wires, Plugs & Extension Cords
- Keep down the number of cords in one outlet or cord will
overheat, causing sparks. Never run cords under rugs, behind
radiators or across doorways where they can become worn. Have
broken cords, switches making hiccup sounds, and hot plugs
professionally repaired. Don't mask problem with electrical
tape. Be sure to use proper gauge extension cord -- especially
with power tools and high wattage appliances.
- Fuses, Light Bulbs
- Use only proper size fuse or circuit will be overloaded,
wiring will overheat, deteriorate and start a fire. If bulb is
to large, overheating can occur in cord, shade, socket, wiring
or fixture, igniting combustibles.
- Portable Space Heaters
- Use one with thermostat (not just switch) that shuts off by
itself when tipped over. Plug directly into own outlet. Use in
area free of combustibles and well ventilated for heat escape.
Never leave on overnight.
- Clothes Dryers
- Never leave synthetic fabrics, plastics, rubber or foam in the
dryer for longer than the manufacturers recommended time. Clean
lint screen before and after use. Keep area free of
combustibles. Dryers must be vented to outside and plugged into
- Personal Grooming Appliances
- Hair dryers, curling irons, hot rollers, makeup mirrors, and
electric razors must be away from combustibles while in use.
Disconnect after use. Never fold/crimp cords or insulation will
be ruined, exposing wires which can short out and spark.
- Never leave vaporizer unattended or near combustibles. Keep
water level ample. Check that cord at the plug is not too hot.
If it is, disconnect immediately. Use in own outlet or with
heavy-duty extension cord.
- How to fight small electrical fires
- Switch off appliance and pull out plug. Smother fire with
blanket or Type C extinguisher. Never try to cool with water
because water conducts electricity and can give you an
- Greasy Pan
- Never heat cooking oil and leave room. A flame can ignite
spontaneously! Keep combustibles away from stove, especially
loose sleeves or scarves. Hot grease can spatter and ignite any
paper, cloth, or wood materials nearby.
- Fire In Oven
- Avoid letting grease build up in any part of oven. A greasy
broiler can catch fire even during preheating. If there is too
much fat on a piece of meat, the grease can flare up and start a
- How to Fight Small Cooking Fires
- Shut off stove or oven, smother pan with lid/Type B
extinguisher or baking soda. Smother fire in oven by keeping
door closed and/or throwing baking soda on food. Never Move
Pan. It will fan the fire or spatter grease. Never turn on
the exhaust fan or use water. Fan will draw up flames. Let fat
cool in oven or else contact with air may make fire flare up
- Leaking Gas
- Never enter an area with a lighted match or cigarette if you
smell gas from a pipe, heater or stove. The smallest spark or
flame could ignite gas in the air and cause an explosion.
- How to Fight Small Gas fires
- Shut off gas supply. Smother with rug, blanket or Type B
extinguisher or cool with water. Ventilate the area to let gases
out. Call Fire department always to have the area pipes
checked for further hazards. Then call the gas company. Note: if
there is a gas fire, it may be better to let the gas burn rather
than extinguish the fire which would let the gas fill the room
or house creating the potential for an explosion. Therefore, the
primary key is to shut off the gas supply and call the fire
- Oil Soaked Rags
- Dry out by spreading in a well ventilated room so heat can
escape, then wash. Never put oily rags in a pile because they
can ignite themselves. Store in labeled metal containers sealed
with a tight lid.
- Barbecue Charcoal
- Store unused coal in a cool, dry place because damp coal can
ignite itself. Use metal pail/garbage can with tight lid and
place in open space where heat can escape if self-ignition
- Flammable Liquids
- Never use or store in room with pilot light, or to close to
hot light bulbs because vapors in air can easily be ignited.
Store in cool, dry room in labeled metal containers with tight
- Stacks of Newspaper
- Avoid storing in a damp, warm place because newspapers
generate heat and can ignite themselves. Store in cool, dry
place at least 3 feet away from any heat-generating source, such
as a pilot light.
- How to Fight Small Storage Fires
- Smother with blanket or rug to cut off air supply. Use Type B
extinguisher for rags, charcoal, liquids/solvents, hair
spray/glue and Type A extinguisher for newspapers.
- Fireplace Wood Stoves
- Use only dried woods (less smoke, dirt), never flammable
liquids. Dispose of cool ashes in lidded metal container. Never
leave fire unattended. When burning, keep damper open, keep
flammable material away and glass door/screen closed.
- Furnaces, Radiators, Water Heaters
- Install properly and safely away from walls and ceilings.
Never put combustibles on or near units. Keep ducts and filters
dust-free by cleaning several times a year with unit shut off.
- How to Fight Small Heating Fires
- Call the fire department if stove pipe is red or fire is in
chimney. For furnaces, radiators, water heaters, immediately
shut off. Smother if electrical, only use water/Type A
extinguisher if gas fired. Drown fire in fireplace with baking
soda, water or Type A extinguisher up chimney.
Bag That Saves Your
bag deployed in this vehicle during the initial collision. The driver
was wearing a safety belt with shoulder harness also. Only minor
injuries occurred for the occupant.
Do you think it helped?
here are dual airbags after deployment.
Air Bags and Children :
The National Highway Traffic Safety
Administration (NHTSA) recommends placing all children 12 years old and
younger in the back seat. This is the safest place in the vehicle. Each
child should be properly restrained using a child safety seat or safety
belt, depending on his or her size. Never put an infant in the
front seat of a passenger side air bag equipped vehicle.
If a child must be placed in the front seat
of a vehicle equipped with air bags,
- the seat needs to be pushed all the way back;
- the child needs to sit with his or her back against the seat back;
- the child should be buckled securely with minimal belt slack.
This will reduce forward movement in a crash and maximize air bag
Air Bags and Short, Elderly or Pregnant Persons
All drivers and passengers should do the following :
- Always buckle up, with slack at a minimum;
- Sit as far back as possible, tilting the seat slightly rearward;
- Adjust the tilt steering wheel toward the chest; and
- Hold the steering wheel from the sides.
Short, pregnant or elderly vehicle occupants
who follow these recommendations will maximize the life saving benefits
of air bags and safety belts.
FAQ About Air Bag
Related Injuries and Children
DANGER TO CHILDREN
Why are air bags dangerous to children
age 12 and under?
Air bags inflate at speeds up to 200
mph. That blast of energy can severely hurt or kill passengers and
drivers who are too close to the air bag. An infant's head in a rear
facing safety seat is directly in front of the air bag as it breaks
through the dashboard and instantly inflates. Even some forward facing
child safety seats could possibly place the child within range of the
air bag before it is fully inflated. Also, if a child is unbelted, or to
small for the lap and shoulder belts to fit properly, or wriggling
around or leaning forward, there is a danger that the child will be to
close to the dashboard during that instant the air bag begins to
IMPORTANCE OF SAFETY BELTS
How can an air bag work so well for
adults, but hurt children in the front passenger seat?
An average size adult who is correctly
belted is not likely to come in contact with the air bag until it is
fully inflated. A fully inflated air bag spreads the force of the crash
across a wide area of the body. Even an unbelted adult will probably
come in contact with the air bag at the chest area after the bag has at
least partially inflated. For greatest protection, both the driver and
front passengers should be correctly belted and the seats moved back as
far as practical to allow ample space for the air bag to expand.
Unbelted or improperly belted children can easily slide off the seat
during pre-crash braking, throwing them against the dashboard where the
air bag can strike them on the head or neck with tremendous force before
it is fully inflated.
The air bag only inflates in front end crashes and collapses
immediately. For protection in all types of collisions it is very
important to always use both the lap and shoulder belts.
BEING SMOTHERED BY AN AIR BAG
Is it true that a passenger can be
smothered by an air bag?
No! The injuries that occur are
caused by the inflating bag hitting the head and neck of an out of
position passenger or the inflating bag hitting the back of an infant
seat behind a baby's head. The air bag loses its air right after it
inflates, so the stiff fabric does not remain over the passenger's face.
Information Provided From NHTSA
For More Air Bag Information see the NHTSA